|The first Chinese painter known to have painted in oil on canvas at Canton wa an artist known to the west as Spoilum. Althugh his works are well known and widely studied, Virtually nothing is known of this painter's life. Spoilum had remarkable talent and versatility. His renderings of Western merchants, usually completed in sittings of two to three hours, cost around $10 per portrait. He also produced some of the most famous paintings of Chinese hong merchants like Eshing and Puan Kee Qua. He was a truly international artist. His paintings could end up in English country homes, in the homes of sea captains in Salem, Massachusetts, or in the estates of hong merchants in Canton.